Written for CGN

CGNI and the web page WRITTEN FOR CENTAUR GLOBAL NETWORK INFORMATION serve to flash dissemination of information. Contributions are not a subject to peer reviewing, but comments, objections or appreciations submitted and signed by other network members or readers are welcome, immediately distributed and published together with the commented information.

Professor Tadeusz Wijaszka


Profesor Tadeusz M.Wijaszka, Director General of the National Veterinary Research Institute, Pulawy 

Professor Tadeusz M.Wijaszka is an outstanding Polish veterinary scientist: virologist and epizootiologists and sciencemaker. He was the  Director  General of the National Veterinary Research Institute for nearly ten recent years. After graduating from the Veterinary Faculty, Central School of Agricultural Economy- SGGW, (since: 2008 called University of Life Sciences-SGGW) T. Wijaszka has been employed in 1963 initially in the Department of Swine Diseases. Apart from his achievements as a research scientist due to his organizational an managerial skills he was active in the field of postgraduate training, professional specialization, activities in the Veterinary Chamber and Editor of the journal. He cooperated with numerous veterinary institutions in the world and was particularly active before accession of Poland to the EU. His recent achievement is the design and construction of the modern Department of Virology in the National Veterinary Research Institute. His friendly approach to other people has always been highly appreciated. Apart from science and management he is deeply interested in history, philosophy and literature. On the day of his retirement CENTAUR wishes him further successful years.

Download the life story of Prof. Wijaszka.

Obituary: Professor Dr. Dean Otis Cliver


Professor Dr. Dean Otis Cliver, a graduate of Purdue University with bachelor’s and master’s degrees, Dean completed his Ph.D. at Ohio State University in the spring of 1959. He was a professor at the University of Wisconsin in Madison in the Food Research Institute from 1962 to 1995 and was a professor at UC Davis from 1995 to 2008, continuing as a professor emeritus until his recent illness.

Dean was a respected and widely published member of the worldwide scientific community, with his work taking him to countries in Europe, Asia, North and South America. In his work with foodborne diseases Dean was often called for information by members of the media, as he was known for his ability to make science understandable to non-scientists.


Born March 2, 1935, died Monday, May 16, 2011

Obituary: Professor James H. Gillespie (1917 – 2011)

James Howard Gillespie, Professor and Hhead of the Microbiology Department, NYS College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, a well known and internationally recognized virologist, died on the 10th of January 2011 in Ithaca, USA. As a person: complaisant, understanding people, lenient a backbone of peace, easiness and cheerfulness. As a scientist he was always clear-cut, systematic and diligent. Many American and international graduate students and scientific trainees have studied in his laboratory. Himself, he spent many scientific internships in various American and European scientific centers. Maybe those experiences added to the fact of his being such an understanding, helpful and tolerant but at the same time a very demanding man. I was lucky to experience a two-year internship in virology under his supervision. This internship at Cornell University has opened the door for me to international contacts with the world of science. It was there that in almost weekly seminars I came to know American and European scientists of name. On this occasion I cannot omit a long-term Dean of the Department, Professor Dr. George Poppensiek, thanks to whom I had the privilege of the internship at Cornell.

James H. Gillespie was born on 26th November, 1917 in Bethlehem Pennsylvania, USA. After completing the secondary school he commenced his studies in the Department of Veterinary Medicine at Pennsylvania University. He received his diploma in 1939. During the World War II he served in the American Army as a lieutenant in a Veterinary Medicine Corps in China. During this military service he acquired the ability of communicating in Mandarin Chinese, which turned out very useful. At the end of his service he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. After leaving the army he became employed as a poultry pathologist at the New Hampshire University. In 1946 he began to work at Cornell University, initially in the Laboratory of Poultry Diseases, Department of Pathology and Bacteriology, College of Veterinary Medicine. In 1950 he was appointed Assistant Director of the newly founded Veterinary Virus Research Institute established by dr. J. Andrew Baker. The Institute later became later a sub-unit of the Department of Pathology and Bacteriology at Cornell University. Presently the Institute is called after the name of its founder: Baker Veterinary Virus Research Institute.

The scientific interests of Dr. J. H. Gillespie concentrated around infectious diseases of dogs, cattle, and swine and later on also horses. In the 50ties intensive research was led on diagnostics and immunoprophylaxis of canine distemper. In the area of immunoprophylaxis of young puppies examined, among others, was the possibility of using the heterological vaccine against measles. For many years it was believed that very young puppies are not capable of producing antibody against the canine distemper. It was the achievement of prof. J.H. Gillespie to elaborate a nomogram – of the antibody level in bitches, which allowed to determine the proper time of puppies vaccination. Contribution of the professor also is the proof that the hard pad is a new form of canine distemper. Professor J.H. Gillespie also proved the existing possibility of using more than one virus in the canine vaccine. The results of his research led to the production of multivalid vaccines.

As to the virus diseases of cattle Prof. J.H. Gillespie was for many years engaged in scientific research on bovine virus diarrhea – mucosal disease and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and bovine pustular vulvovaginitis (IPV). To his most noteworthy achievements we may count the first isolation of noncytopathopathic (1957) and cytopathtic strains (1960), including strain C24 isolated from the spleen of a cow originating from Oregon and ill with a mucous membrane disease. Therefore this strain is also known as Oregon strain. Shortly after the first isolation of BHV-1 strains (known also as IBR/IPV) from the beef cattle in Colorado State, Professor Gillespie started on research concerning bovine respiratory diseases and pustular vulvovaginitis in cattle in New York State. Soon he isolated the strains which caused the characteristic cytopathic effect in the cell cultures of cattle. Further research showed that the IBR and IPV strains are immunologically identical but have the ability of causing various forms of diseases in selective ectodermal cells. In research on foot-and mouth disease virus it was proved for the first time that the virus may replicate in one-day-old chicken embryos. The team of Professor Gillespie was also engaged in research on foal rotavirus and initiated a research program on virus feline diseases. Examined were among others: panleucopenia, herpes virus infection type 1 and picornavirus in cats.

It was at this time of a dynamic scientific development of the department that I came to have my postdoctoral study and worked on the parainfluenza-3 virus in cattle. The results of one of my works professor Gillespie included in the 8th edition of a known handbook „Hagan and Bruner’s Microbiology and Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals”, Cornell University Press,1988. Professor Gillespie was a co-author of two editions of this handbook. He published all in one 139 scientific works. He was a member of many scientific societies and was distinguished with many honorary medals. In 1990 prof. J.H. Gillespie participated in the 150th anniversary celebration of the Veterinary School in Warsaw.

During a fare-well dinner in Paris at the World Veterinary Congress in 1967 He said to me: „ George as long as I live the door to my Department of Microbiology is open for you”. I always felt that this was a great honor. But with the professor’s death this door closed forever. All we can say about the passing of time is the Latin formula: tempus fugit. I will always keep Professor Gillespie in my memories simply as a good and modest man and a scientist of great abilities.

Professor Jerzy Kita
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Warsaw, Poland

Veterinary Sciences Tomorrow


Veterinary Sciences Tomorrow (VetScite, ISSN 1569 - 0830) is published exclusively on the World Wide Web, under the domain name ‘Vetscite'. It is a refereed journal that provides reviews and opinion papers only, not original experimental data. It is an international current awareness journal for veterinary and related research scientists and publishes a new issue every three months. Inbetween issues there are regular updates, including items in the News and Education sections, Letters to the Editor, etc. New and updated items will be highlighted on the home page. Our articles, reviews and editorials intend to provide up-to-date scientific information that is interesting and relevant to all those working in the veterinary research environment, in its broadest sense. VetScite also provides links to other quality resources on the World Wide Web that we feel are worthy of recommendation.
Ten years of SCI, video 6 min
Veterinary Sciences Tomorrow (VetScite, ISSN 1569 - 0830)

Appeal for financial assistance to Japan

From the mass media we know the tragedy of the country which is in need of everything. The death toll and daily sufference of the people are unbelievable. One can see what is going on and what is the present situation in the unprecedenced earthquake and tsunami during the last days. You may see on internet under inter alia:
Earthquake and Tsunami Facts and Figures facts and Figures/UN Dispatch the updated situation.
We contacted our Japanese Colleague Dr.Akiko Kamata from the Animal Production and Health Service-AGAH of the FAO and the Animal Health Service Chief of the FAO Dr.Juan Lubroth asking to find for us with the address and bank account to which any donations from the CENTAR Network could be directed. 
If you wish your fund to be distributed directly among affected population of the earthquake and tsunami please direct your fund to the following bank account. If you need a receipt of your fund , please state so clearly in the comment section of the bank transfer order. All the fund received under this account will be transferred to the Distribution Committee, which is formed around the local government of the disaster affected prefecture and to administer the distribution of the fund.
Name of Bank. Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
Name of Branch. Ginza
Account No: 8047670 (Ordinary Account)
Payee Name: The Japanese Red Cross Society. Donation for Japan earthquake/tsunami
Payee(Bank) Address: 1-1-3 Shiba-Daimon Minato-ku, Tokyo JAPAN  
K. J. Wojciechowski

Veterinarni Medicina 2010




In 2010, the journal Veterinarni Medicina published 50 original papers, 4 review articles, 27 case reports from 87 institutions of 27 countries, written by 358 authors.
Both authors and editors are very grateful to 187 experts (42 from the United States, 19 from Germany, 13 from the United Kingdom, 9 from France, and 104 from another 28 countries) who have accepted an invitation to review manuscripts in 2010 and have contributed enormously to maintaining the standard of the journal.
The Editor-in-Chief appreciates the collaboration with the members of Editorial Board, the Executive Editor Ms. Z. Radosova, the English Language Editor Neysan Donnelly and P. Zalmanek, web page and submission online SW maker.
With the best Season’s Greetings to all collaborators and to the reviewers and authors
Professor Karel Hruska

Acknowledgement of the reviewers

There is no possibility of publishing a scientific journal without the invaluable help of reviewers. They assess the novelty of results and interpret them in the correct light, they teach hundreds of people for whom they usually remain unknown for ever. Both authors and editors are very grateful to 187 experts (42 from the United States, 19 from Germany, 13 from the United Kingdom, 9 from France, and 104 from another 28 countries) who have accepted an invitation to review manuscripts in 2010 and have contributed enormously to maintaining the standard of the journal

The great help of Neysan Donnelly of the National University of Ireland, Galway, in language revision of nearly all published papers is also acknowledged.

On the threshold of 2011


Compliance with the Instructions to Authors will be strictly required. The format described in the instructions and the examples shown in the on-line submission forms should be adhered to. The downloading of records to Reference Manager or EndNote databases should be used for citing authors and to construct Reference lists in order to avoid inaccuracies and inconsistencies.
Only errors originating after manuscript submission or the authors’ final revision during the printing procedure can be corrected in proof. Exceptions require written explanation and can be made only in cases when new information or new relevant data has been published by other authors after manuscript submission.
The journal intends to continue with its Open Access policy and publication remains free of charge; however, colour pages will be invoiced. To improve the quality of published papers and the image of the journal, only the simplest graphs will be printed in black and white. Coloured figures and photographs must be submitted individually, in high resolution jpg or tiff format, and not mounted as a plate.

Professor Karel Hruska

Obituary: Professor Gyula Huszenicza


Professor Gyula Huszenicza, Deputy Dean, Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (DSc), Head of the Doctoral School of the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, passed away in the 59th year of his life, after a long-lasting, severe illness.

Professor Huszenicza was a member of the Editorial Board of the journal Veterinarni Medicina. His research and teaching activities focussed on animal reproduction and endocrinology. Professor Huszenica was not only a tireless organiser of international education and summer schools in endocrinology, but also an author/co-author of 169 papers published in collaboration with colleagues from his Faculty of Veterinary Science, various Hungarian institutions and from 18 other countries.

The untimely death of Professor Huszenicza is a great loss to veterinary research and university education. Our heartfelt sympathies go out to his family and his wife, Dr. Margit Kulcsar, who loved him dearly and was also his closest collaborator.

  Karel Hruska

Veterinary expeditions of Central and Eastern European countries against brucellosis, tuberculosis and glanders in Mongolia: a historical report

V. Kouba
Honorary Member of the CENTAUR International Advisory Board
Former Chief, Animal Health Service, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Read full paper (5 tables, two photos, one map, 16 pages)
A three-year international programme against animal tuberculosis, brucellosis and glanders in Mongolia, diseases causing enormous losses in animal production and affecting human population even with fatal outcomes, was prepared for the period following the eradication of foot-and-mouth disease in 1964. The aim was to use mass screening to discover all herds affected by these dangerous infections transmissible to man and to initiate particular control programmes. The programme was approved by an international scientific-methodological conference held in Ulaanbaatar, 4-12 March 1965. Five countries of Central and Eastern Europe participated in the programme on a voluntary bilateral basis. During 1966-1968 in all 16 Mongolian provinces there were carried out 37 657 595specific tests following by the commencement of recovery procedures. Ratios of the number of tests to the number of animals of selected species were as follows: tests on glanders in horses reached 2.48 and in camels 0.53; tests on brucellosis in camels reached 0.69, in cattle 1.42, in sheep 1.53 and in goats 1.37; tests on tuberculosis in cattle reached 1.53. The ratio of all tests to the human population reached 30.15. The ratio itself and in particular its relation to the size of the investigated populations represented at that time a historical record of international diagnostic and control actions against several dangerous zoonoses covering the whole territory of a developing country. From 5 046 070 allergic tests on glanders in horses 241 157 were positive, i.e. 4.39%; out of 332 684 allergic tests on glanders in camels 380 were positive, i.e. 0.12%; from 126 960 serological tests (complement fixation) on glanders in horses 24 760 were positive, i.e. 19.50%. From all 28 743 006 tests (agglutination, CFT) on brucellosis 660 432 were positive, i.e. 2.30%; from 432 919 tests in camels 9 987 were positive, i.e. 2.31%; from 2 892 658 tests in cattle 192 601 were positive, i.e. 6.66%; from 19 533 637 tests in sheep 320 709 were positive, i.e. 1.64%; from 5 834 450 tests in goats 136 222 were positive, i.e. 2.33%. In cattle positive reactions were caused by Brucella abortus and in sheep and goats by Brucella melitensis. Summary data on all 3 408 875 tuberculosis screening results (e.g., 3 113 115 in cattle) were not available to the author with the exception of Czechoslovak expeditions’ results in two provinces: from 677 402 PPD tuberculin tests in cattle 427 were positive, i.e. 0.06%. The programme represents an example of the successful transfer of international scientific knowledge (theoretical and applied research results) into territorial animal health population practice.

American Society for Microbiology-ASM Career Connections website

The website http://www.asmcareerconnections.org was established early in 2008
Benefits for Candidates:
Benefits for Employers:
Please contact ASM Placement  or (202) 942-9285 with any questions
Signed: Arturo Casadevall, Ph.D., Chair ASM Career Development Committee
Compiled by K.J.Wojciechowski ASM Member 55484315

Biological research in developing countries: some hotspots

Harinder P. S. Makkar, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna

Communication: an important way to successful collaboration


Karel Hruska
Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czech Republic

A lesson for a distance learning

Journal of Visualized Experiments


Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) is a growing, highly regarded video-based online scientific journal. Five issues published since December 2006 offer already 76 video-recorded laboratory techniques in different categories, e.g. Neuroscience, Developmental Biology, Cellular Biology, Microbiology and Plant Biology. As a side effect, still very important, seeing these videos is an excellent opportunity to hear the pronunciation of technical terms. Having not the fastest internet connection you have to be patient. However, wait a while and enjoy the high-tech distance learning.

Karel Hruska
Using the message sent by Aaron Kolski-Andreaco and Philip Coticelli to the Afro-Net on July 10, 2007